What did the Delian League eventually become? The essence of this quote written in an article entitled “Women in Greek Myth” by Mary L. Lefkowitz in 2001 is basically that the Greek’s relied and believed greatly in the idea of Greek mythology… But here, “myth” just means “story,” usually one that has been passed down for hundreds of years that held very significant meaning to ancient society continues to hold significant meaning to current society. This period brought about philosophers, doctors, and others who were questioning what was happening in their lives. A famous psychologist named Carl Jung (1875-1961), whose work has been influential in not only psychiatry but also anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious studies, believed that myths and dreams were expressions of the “collective unconscious”, in that they express core ideas that are part of the human species as a whole. This is why many of the gods in Greek mythology also have a Latin, or Roman name as well. Is this story still used in popular culture? Photo credits: Otterbein University Theatre & Dance in Ohio, $\ccbysa$. What is the name of the ancient Greek religion? Use the context of the topic and the sentence to guess the meaning of the words in bold. Some believe that these stories were told to establish models for moral behavior, both by showing what was favorable and what punishments some received after doing immoral actions. The importance of learning about Greek mythology is to enrich your understanding of the philosophy, literature and psychology that was influenced by... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Does it teach a lesson? Though it is important to guard our hearts and minds, learning about ancient civilizations is also important. Skim the next reading. Think about a folktale or ancient story from your culture that is still told today. Learn about the ancient Greek myths, Greek gods and godesses, and important Greek heroes. Mythological stories could then be used to teach children values such as hard work, diligence and obedience. With these classic stories, the lines between righteous and immoral behavior are clear cut, so that even young children can recognize examples of the 4 cardinal virtues: prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance. How will that affect the way you take notes about the reading? What is the important message of the story? This is exceptionally true of Greek mythology because the allusions are far reaching and having a base knowledge will provide important context. The Importance Of Mythology In Ancient Greek Patriarchy 1592 Words | 7 Pages. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Socrates became a powerful philosopher, and many religious and political figures did not like that. Why Is Zeus Important? What do you think is the author’s purpose of the text: to inform, entertain, or to persuade? Many middle and high schools in the US and UK require students to read and study these ancient stories as part of their literature courses. Many great works of literature (including Shakespeare) refer back to Greek mythology, and there is no way to properly understand what the greatest … According to these thinkers, the ancients worshiped natural phenomena, such as fire and air, gradually deifying them. But the most important thing is that humans should know their place. Has this story created any vocabulary or idioms still used in your language? On an individual level, mythology could teach moral or human truths, whereas on a collective level mythology could be used to keep people in touch with their origins. But this is actually a twisted definition of the word “myth,” which in Greek just means “story”. The famous philosopher Socrates created “Socratic Questioning” around this time, where in order to get answers, one must ask questions. It is a way to explain the unexplainable. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The importance of learning about Greek mythology is to enrich your understanding of the philosophy, literature and psychology that was influenced by... See full answer below. According to another theory, myths began as allegories for philosophical or spiritual concepts: Athena represents wise judgment, Aphrodite desire, and so on. THE IMPORTANCE OF MYTHOLOGY. Some, especially early on, were tolerant of other religions, even mixing local religious festivals with Christian ones in the hopes of converting pagans to Christianity. Everyday people come in contact with different cultures. All rights reserved. One famous author is Homer – although no one is sure if he really existed or if more than one person wrote Homer’s famous epic stories The Iliad, about the Trojan War, or The Odyssey, about one man’s journey home after that war. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. We all do whether we are aware of it or not. Mood: Interpreting Meaning In Prose, Classification-Division Text Structure: Definition & Examples, GED Social Studies: Civics & Government, US History, Economics, Geography & World, ILTS Social Science - History (246): Test Practice and Study Guide, SAT Subject Test US History: Practice and Study Guide, TExES History 7-12 (233): Practice & Study Guide, High School World History: Homework Help Resource, NY Regents Exam - US History and Government: Help and Review, Middle School US History: Homework Help Resource, Middle School US History: Tutoring Solution, The Civil War and Reconstruction: Help and Review, 6th Grade World History: Enrichment Program, 7th Grade World History: Enrichment Program, Biological and Biomedical For Jungians, this common origin in the collective unconscious explains why myths from societies at the opposite ends of the earth can be strikingly similar. Since the term myth is widely used to imply that a story is not objectively true, the identification of a narrative as a myth can be highly political: many adherents of religions view their religion’s stories as true and therefore object to the stories being characterized as myths. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods or supernatural humans. For example, you may know the goddess of love in Greek as Aphrodite, but in Latin as Venus. Why is the Study of Mythology Important? A Jungian analysis of classical mythology would claim that the main gods and goddesses express archetypes, or common human characteristics, that are common to human thinking everywhere. Rose suggests that Greek myths were allegories which concealed deep meaning and talked about the wisdom of the rules, the courage of ordinary people, and the eternal quest of humans to become equal to gods. Learning Greek mythology is part of having a well-rounded education. Mythology is studied because myths are ways in which cultures attempt to explain the world and answer questions of human concern. Write a summary of the events of the story. July 2, 2010, kelsey, 1 Comment. Perhaps part of the reason we seek refuge in the stars with our development of near fictional technology is due to the longing our species has felt to know how the gods of Norse lived. Missed the LibreFest? My students love … Have questions or comments? Many religions and cultures no matter how small or large have creation myths and legends that were deemed to be important to their livelihood. Are there any holidays or festivals related to this story? Greek mythology gives you a toolbox you can use to navigate life. First: If you are interested in ancient Greek literature, you could be reading it in the original language. But by the late 300s CE, many people were persecuted for being pagans. Become a Study.com member to unlock this The reason? This also means that there may be many versions of the same Greek myth. Using your own words, answer the questions below according to the reading. Different kings and emperors of this time had different rules for those who prayed to pagan, or non-Abrahamic, gods. Not respecting the gods could cost a human their life. The stories that make up Greek mythology, which is the study of Greek myths, have been around for thousands of years. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. They were instead recreating the myths and producing new versions to entertain audiences, and to this day writers are inspired by Greek myths and creating their own entertaining works from them. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. These sentences are from the next reading. They even introduced their own gods that interacted with the Greek ones, such as Janus, the god of doors, which is where get the month of January from. Plays were very popular in ancient Greece, with many performances being written by Sophocles and Euripides during the 4th Century BCE. What are five theories (or themes) of comparative mythology that are explained in the reading? They were polytheistic, meaning they believed that there were many gods, overseeing virtually every aspect of life – darkness, love, pain, vengeance, and especially ruling over nature, such as gods or other magical beings who belong to the sun, the moon, the sea, trees, flowers, and the animals. Before then, illustrations of story events were found on vases as early as 9th Century BCE. Greek mythology has profoundly influenced Western culture. Mythology is an extremely important part of that culture. Was Athens or Sparta the leader of the Delian... How did Pericles undermine his leadership of the... Did the Delian League build the Greek highway... Did Themosticles create the Delian League? This is why many Christian holidays like Christmas and Easter have non-religious customs, such as decorating trees inside the home and gift-giving for Christmas, and egg and rabbit designs celebrating renewed life in spring for Easter. “The Greeks ' most important legacy is not, as we would like to think, democracy; it is mythology” (Lefkowitz, 2001, p. 207). Answer to: Why is Greek mythology important? For example, Hippocrates, known as the “Father of Medicine”, noticed that people were getting sick from unsanitary conditions and eating unhealthily – not because the gods were punishing them. Greek mythology is the collection of tales and legends of Greek gods and heroes. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Greek Mythology Inoculates Against False Religion For him, studying stories from the past helps us learn about the human experiences we have today. For example, according to this theory, ancients tended to view things as gods, not as mere objects. Why Mythology? © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. System of Society through an Ancient Greek lens. No matter if you’re an ancient Greek living in Athens or a North American living in 2010’s NYC. What do they show? Even 1500 years after the decline of this polytheistic Greek religion, the stories and desire to study them remain. What is the difference between the two definitions of the word “myth”? So much is lost in translation! They teach us important life lessons that we can learn from today. This theory is named euhemerism after mythologist Euhemerus (c. 320 BCE), who suggested that Greek gods developed from legends about human beings. on Flickr, $\ccbynd$. Controls the weather. The beauty of the stories has inspired generations of people around the world to create. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal By the 500s, the Greek pagan religion all but disappeared. It is not uncommon for parents to be wary of teaching their children about ancient mythologies. Make a note of where you found the answer in your reading. Explain if yes. Mythology is important because it "explains" where many different ideas or origin have come from. The Purpose of This Series. For instance, mythology delves into such basic debates as good versus evil or looks into the nature of man. Reading and hearing about Greek mythology is one thing but why are modern people still made to study them? Some theories propose that myths began as allegories for natural phenomena: Apollo represents the sun, Poseidon represents water, and so on. But this is actually a twisted definition of the word “myth,” which in Greek just means “story”. They give us direction and purpose. Myth meaning stories and ology meaning the study of. How are Delian League and Peloponnesian War linked... Titans of Greek Mythology: Facts & Overview, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley, Greek Myth of Perseus and Medusa: Summary & Overview, What Are Myths? People still study the ancient Greeks and their myths much in the same reason they study other cultures and that is so they can learn from it. The answer to that is very simple: to learn. What stories or explanations have you heard about how life on Earth began? Look at the following photos. Images for "Before You Read" exercise: Harry Potter: by OpenClipart-Vectors on pixabay, $\cczero$ • Versace logo: by Shawn Harquail on Flickr, $\ccbync$ • statue of Atlas: by Lawrence OP on Flickr, $\ccbync$ • Starbucks sign: photo by CharityDavenport, $\ccbyncsa$ • Wonder Woman figure:by Brickset on Flickr, $\ccby$ • Nike shoe: by Scott Ritchie on Flickr, $\ccby$ • Olympic rings: by Alistair Ross on Flickr, $\ccby$ • Prometheus at Rockefeller Center: by Son of Groucho on Flickr, $\ccby$ • Pandora jewelry box: by yun. What are your favorite myths? Once the Roman Empire took over Greece in 146 BCE, the decline continued. I think people would be surprised what is actually in some of the stories. The orthodox doctrine of the inspiration of Scripture has always been restricted to the original Hebrew and Greek manuscripts as penned by the Biblical writers (or their scribes), not to copies or translations of these documents. Under this definition of myth, that means that stories from the Bible and the Quran also contains myths. It is interesting to note that ancient Greek playwrights were not expected to faithfully reproduce traditional myths when adapting them for the stage. He was the brother of Poseidon and Hades, lords of the Sea and the Underworld, respectively. Stories from ancient Greece have been a subject of deep academic study for many years now. Why Should We Study Mythology? Trump calls for 'direct payments' to 'all Americans' Is that true for stories in your language as well? Think about the story of Narcissus and Echo. Myths are important to study, because they show how our ancestors thought and what they believed. Many will argue that Greek Mythology is the study of the stories that come from an ancient, dead religion that died because people learned that the stories are not true. Mythology teaches history by investigating and explaining ancient times and their effects on the modern world. The major Greek gods and goddesses powerlisting.wikia.com. Their mythical nature does not take away from the fact they contain important morals and teachings that are as relevant now as they were thousands of years ago. Greek is Useful in Serving the Lord. Their stories have a myth of their own. What do you think is the author’s purpose of the text: to inform, entertain, or to persuade? To understand the importance of Greek mythology for modern people, it is important to take a look at the allegorical meaning of the tales. There’s not a lot of information about when this Greek religion began, but many works were created during the 7th to 2nd Centuries BCE. You could even create an entire mythology unit study or even a unique World Mythology high school elective!. Another difference is that the ancient Greek gods were very imperfect and not always fair. Australian Biden-Harris cartoon sparks furor. Myth - Myth - Approaches to the study of myth and mythology: The importance of studying myth to provide a key to a human society is a matter of historical record. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Myth meaning stories and ology meaning the study of. Greek myth features heavily in a lot of today’s pop culture. Why Study Ancient Greek? Click here for additional resources related to this reading! Stories from ancient Greece have been a subject of deep academic study for many years now. At this time, Greek thought began to expand. As much as possible, you should guess vocabulary while you read and avoiding using the dictionary unless you feel you don’t understand the material. answer! They made mistakes, they fell in love, were jealous, and made trouble, just as humans do. Maybe it is because when some one uses the word “myth” we are automagically reminded of Greek or Roman myths. But these things do not move most people to study Greek. According to this theory, storytellers repeatedly elaborate upon historical accounts until the figures in those accounts gain the status of gods. - Story, Adventures & Travels, The Fable, Folktale, Myth, Legend: Differences and Examples, Argumentative Essay: Definition, Format & Examples, Sensory Details in Writing: Definition & Examples, Tone vs. Which of the images look familiar to you? One of the hidden benefits of studying Greek myths is to explore virtues. But for some reason, maybe it’s the colorful characters, maybe it’s the drama, maybe it’s the stories of love, adventure, and of universal human emotions that transcend time and space, the stories of this religion have been revived every few hundred years, and are still popular today. Around the first century CE, Ovid wrote his famous book The Metamorphoses, which focuses on transformations in nature, and Virgil wrote The Aeneid, the story of the founding of Rome, from 29 to 19 BCE. He eventually was arrested and charged with corrupting the minds of the people and with heresy, which means not believing in the state religion. Greek Mythology Helps Understand Human Nature. I try to connect the dots between the past and the present.” I try to connect the dots, too. Percy Jackson will never teach you … Lewis’s Chronicles of Narnia are loaded with characters that are rooted in Greek and Roman mythology. Discuss the following questions with a classmate. Labeling all religious narratives as myths can be thought of as treating different traditions equally. December 31, 2017 Written by Gerald del Campo. It has been said that simply by studying or even just reading some of these myths, people can learn how to control their … Many character issues that students face at home (jealousy, trouble with other children, back talking, etc) are addressed in Greek mythology. The most important reason for studying Greek is its usefulness in understanding the Word of God. But the reason why mythology is still important is that it is pure storytelling. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! They did not necessarily think that bad things happened because humans were being punished by the gods. People often question the need for studying mythology. (The myths of Greece, for example, are an obvious choice for your textbook-free Ancient Greece history lessons.). Many have been lost due to wars or destroyed over time, especially since many of the stories were only passed on through oral traditions. Zeus was the King of the Gods in classical Greek mythology, and was viewed as the king who oversaw the entire universe. [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "authorname:cdavenport" ], Jorge Royan, Statue of Pallas Athene Parliament, Vienna, Austria, 2007. Scholars who study comparative mythology have found many universal themes in world mythologies that help explain the staying power of these stories. Myths are universal. $\ccbysa$. One theory claims that myths are distorted accounts of historical events. Starting in the 3rd Century BCE, the Greek religion faced a decline. Usually we consider myths to be stories that contain religious or magical elements, more specifically narratives or stories that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths. Why is Greek mythology important for students studying English? Another reason to study those Greek myths is that they have contributed a lot to classic and modern literature in the form of symbols. That’s why we need to study Greek mythology and so do our students. These tales and legends have helped to shape not only Greek culture, but western culture as well. This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “Myth,” Are there art, sculptures, or statues about this story? References to Greek mythology can be found virtually everywhere – in art, architecture, language, literature, music, and culture in much of the US and Europe. The truth is, Greek myths are not only rooted in reality but have helped shape modern thinking in many important ways. Greek mythology has a dizzying cast of characters. The word “myth” has two very different meanings here, one of which we will be using more often in the context of this textbook. No, greek mythology is not a religion. Just because the gods seem like humans doesn’t mean they are on the same level. When was the official end of the ancient Greek religion? The Greeks had a very different idea of god than Abrahamic religions. However, the Romans borrowed much of the Greek religion and art styles of the time. Once you are finished with this reading, skim the next one. And thus it is important for students of the English language, too, to become familiar with these stories. Most people will say that the word “myth” means that something is not true. The roots of Mythology are so deep into human culture and shape us in enormously significant ways. Why Is Zeus Important? Scholars who study comparative mythology have How will that affect the way you take notes on the reading? $\ccbysa$, Greek vase by Euphronios, 515 BC, photo taken by Ismoon in 2017, $\ccbysa$, Triumph of Christianity by Tommaso Laureti (1530 – 1602), $\ccpd$, Popular books inspired by Greek mythology in a local bookstore. Legal. - Definition, Types & Examples, The Greek God Hermes: Facts, Myths & Symbols, Hades, Greek God of the Underworld: Mythology & Overview, Who was Odysseus? What two major events caused the decline of the Greek religion? Many of the gods or magical beings could shape-shift, meaning they could become an animal or another person. Zeus – King of the Gods and of the heavens. And even the words we use in English have connections to these ancient stories. Myths are our religious roots. Note: There are Two Keys to the understanding and appreciation of Western culture: the knowledge of Biblical and Classical literature. You don’t need to know them all, but learning the major Olympian gods is an important first step in understanding Greek mythology. They are, therefore, keys to understanding our culture. Answer the following questions about the story. 1) Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic are the ONLY languages that God chose to communicate His inspired word.. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Grab your FREE textbook-free history planning pages here. By the late 200s CE, many of the elites of the Roman Empire had converted to Christianity, causing the Greek religion’s final decline. In this way, the ancient Greeks tried to make sense of natural events around them before the discovery of science – why earthquakes happened, why the sea tossed angrily, why there were storms or cold winters – were probably the doings or punishment from the gods, to the ancient Greeks. mythology is important for both individualistic and collective reasons. It is the fact that history, theology or mythology could have alternative interpretations or explanations. Many root words also derive from myths and Greek culture. In the middle of the 19th century, for instance, a newly appointed British governor of New Zealand, Sir George Grey, was confronted by the problem of how to come to terms with the Maori, who were hostile to the British. Why Study Greek Mythology? NBA removes photog for offensive Harris meme. 1 You Can’t Escape Your Fate. 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