In the Roman history, the soldiers had carried a number of shields. This involved the soldiers standing side by side in ranks. Clypeus was carried by the Roman soldiers in the early days of ancient Rome. The Romans also used shield walls, this was in fact their standard fighting formation. They fought with short swords, daggers for stabbing … Here, the front row of soldiers would hold their shields in front of them to protect soldiers from projectiles. When laying siege to a fort, they used a formation … Facts about Roman Shields 4: the shape of Roman shields. The infantry was placed into a wedge-shaped formation and would push into the enemy with a wall of shields. Facts about Roman Shields 5: clypeus. Philip Rance, in the article I linked, argues quite strongly, though, that it should be seen as the evolution of the testudo instead. Also known as the tortoise formation, it is still the most famous formation known about the Roman army. It was typically made from two sheets of wood that were glued together, then covered with canvas and leather. They served completely different purposes. During the viking age, most north Europeans used a type of shield wall. The wedge formation is a very old and very effective formation when employed correctly. Roman Army Reenactment with photographs of battle formations, weaponry, shields, swords, standards, sandals, helmets, fighting. Historically used with cavalry, the formation involves a mass of troops in a triangular wedge with the tip charging at the enemy. The testsudo formation, AKA, the tortoise, is probably one of the most famous military manoeuvres in history right behind flying directly into the enemies death cannons to clog them with wreckage. By locking their shields together like […] Just before contact with the enemy, the soldiers moved in very close together so that each man's shield helped to protect the man on his left. The Romans adopted it when they switched from the military formation of the hoplite phalanx of the Greeks to the formation with maniples. When surrounded, the Romans formed a square formation with interlocking shields. Roman soldier shields were used as part of the Roman army tactics to create an impenetrable barrier which lead to much of their success. Along with looking ridiculously cool, the formation was also so strong that it could double as a bridge. This protected the soldiers from overhead projectiles. The scutum (English: / ˈ s k uː t əm / SKOO-təm, Classical Latin: [ˈskuːtũː]; plural scuta) was a type of shield used among Italic peoples in antiquity, and then by the army of ancient Rome starting about the fourth century BC. Another formation was known as the pig's head. They could be in rectangular, circular or oval. Posed by English guardsmen acting the part of Roman soldiers. The back rows of the soldiers would hold their shields above their heads. 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