Convection continued to develop near the center and became much more symmetrical. Description: This map created by FCIT shows the track of hurricane Wilma in 2005. [1] Shortly after reaching hurricane strength, the hurricane began undergoing explosive deepening, after the development of a "pinhole" eye 9 miles (14 km) in diameter. October 24, 2005: 11 Years since Hurricane Wilma … WILMA IS A LARGE HURRICANE AND TROPICAL STORM FORCE WINDS WILL REACH THE FLORIDA PENINSULA WELL BEFORE THE EYE MAKES LANDFALL. The system was enhanced by diffluence from an upper-level low across the southwestern Atlantic. [13], Tropical Storm Wilma began to turn to the west-northwest on October 18,[1] during which the storm developed a small, intermittent and ragged eye feature. At its peak intensity, the eye of Wilma was about 2.3 miles (3.7 km) in diameter, the smallest known eye in an Atlantic hurricane. [14] It continued to intensify, and at 1200 UTC on October 18, Wilma attained hurricane status while located about 225 miles (362 km) south-southeast of Grand Cayman. Damage in the country totaled around $500,000 (2005 USD). showing daily rainfall from this cyclone as of 1200 UTC, or 8 a.m. EDT. ", "Hurricane Wilma Public Advisory Seventeen", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Resúmen de la temporada de ciclones tropicales 2005, 1ra parte", Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico), "Hurricane Wilma Discussion Twenty-Seven", "Resúmen del Huracán "Wilma" del Océano Atlántico", "Hurricane Wilma Special Discussion Thirty-Eight", "Tropical Storm Alpha Tropical Cyclone Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meteorological_history_of_Hurricane_Wilma&oldid=989698621, Meteorological histories of individual tropical cyclones, Articles with dead external links from March 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 14:19. Wilma formed from a large area of distubed weather that stretched across, low pressure system gradually became defined, depression developed about 215 miles southeast of Grand Cayman, the 15th. Detailed Meteorological Write-up on Hurricane Irma. [1] The overall cloud pattern began to deteriorate, with the eye becoming less distinct and the convection less symmetric. The pressure continued to fall as the Hurricane Hunters left the hurricane, and it is possible the pressure was slightly lower. Hurricane Wilma moved across the extreme southeastern Gulf of Mexico and southern Florida peninsula during the morning hours of Monday, 24 October 2005, bringing hurricane-force winds to … The latest: Hurricane Laura has made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana, as a Category 4 storm. Computer models predicted steady strengthening as the depression tracked westward before turning to the north. A large area of disturbed weather developed across much of the Caribbean Sea and gradually organized to the southeast of Jamaica. Over the period from 2310 UTC to 0433 UTC, the central pressure fell from 954 mb to 901 mb, which is a deepening rate of 9.9 mb per hour. [31], Shortly after its secondary peak intensity, the wind shear, combined with its rapid forward motion of 50 mph (80 km/h), resulted in a steady weakening trend. Wilma was able to retain its strength because large eyes in tropical cyclones are more stable and more resistant to vertical wind shear. Hurricane Wilma remained a powerful Category 4 storm when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA’s Terra satellite took this image at 12:25 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time, on Friday, October 21, 2005.Two days earlier, Wilma had surged from tropical storm to Category 5 hurricane in record time. On October 21, 2005, Wilma slowly crossed over Cozumel as a strong Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds reported at up to 230 kilometers per hour (144 miles per hour) by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). Of the intensity models, the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory predicted an intensity of 135 mph (217 km/h) within 36 hours, with other forecasts being more conservative in their predictions. Hurricane Wilma affected parts of northeast Mexico that had been struck by Hurricane Stan just two weeks earlier, as well as Hurricane Emily in July. [1], Steering currents remained weak, though a series of troughs eroded the high pressure system across the Gulf of Mexico, resulting in a turn towards the north-northwest. [18], Shortly after peaking in intensity, the coldest cloud tops surrounding the eye warmed slightly and an outer eyewall began to develop, signifying an eyewall replacement cycle was occurring. Hurricane Willa was a powerful tropical cyclone that brought torrential rains and destructive winds to southwestern Mexico, particularly the states of Sinaloa and Nayarit, during late-October 2018. The depression drifted southwestward, and under favorable conditions, it strengthened into Tropical Storm Wilma on October 17. [16] It is estimated by Dr. Eric Uhlhorn of NOAA's Hurricane Research Division that the winds may have peaked at between 209 and 229 mph rounded to 210 and 230 mph respectively following that Hurricane Hunter mission. It was then that the National Hurricane Center first indicated that it was possible for a tropical depression to develop in the area. Wilma at landfall in southwestern Florida has been set at 105 kt. The storm cut communications between Les Cayes and Tiburon. Uploaded originally because the file wouldn't play on my computer. Wilma became a hurricane and began a west-northwestward motion on the 18th. Maps: Tracking Hurricane Irma’s Path Over Florida UPDATED 5:00 PM ET, SEPT. 11, 2017 Hurricane Irma lost strength as it swept across Florida, and was downgraded to … This was due to the depression being located within an environment very conducive for development, specifically low amounts of wind shear and very warm water temperatures. [16] By late on October 19, the winds in Hurricane Wilma decreased to 160 mph (260 km/h) as the inner 5-mile (8 km) wide eye weakened and the wind field expanded. estimated 882 mb...while its very small eye was centered about 365, southeast of Cozumel. [32] By 1117 UTC on October 25, the center was located to the northwest of the primary convection as cold air from the southwest entrained the circulation. [15], Early on October 19, Wilma attained major hurricane status while continuing to rapidly intensify, and by 0600 UTC, the storm's maximum sustained winds increased to 165 mph (266 km/h), making Wilma a dangerous Category 5 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Hurricane Wilma was the 25 th tropical cyclone and 12 th hurricane of the hyperactive 2005 season, and the fifth tropical cyclone in as many months to have a significant impact on the Florida Keys. Tropical Storm Irma formed in the far eastern Atlantic Ocean, just west of the Cape Verde Islands, on the morning of August 30 th.Over the following 30 hours Irma intensified into a major hurricane with highest sustained winds of 115 MPH, a category-3 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. [17] At the time of its peak intensity, hurricane-force winds extended only 50 miles (80 km) from the small center of Wilma, with tropical storm force winds extending only about 160 miles (260 km). It was the fastest rate of intensification in the Caribbean since Hurricane Wilma in 2005, when that storm went from 75 mph to 185 mph in just 24 hours time. 2 months ago. [1], Hurricane Wilma crossed the Florida peninsula in about 4.5 hours while continuing to accelerate northeastward, and emerged into the Atlantic Ocean as a weakened 110 mph (180 km/h) hurricane near Jupiter. [1] The eye continued to contract to a diameter of about 2 nautical miles (3.7 km), the smallest known eye in an Atlantic hurricane, and at 1200 UTC on October 19, Wilma attained peak winds of 185 mph (298 km/h). After the inner eye dissipated due to an eyewall replacement cycle, Hurricane Wilma weakened to Category 4 status, and on October 21, it made landfall on Cozumel and on the Mexican mainland with winds of about 150 mph (240 km/h). The hurricane again re-intensified before cold air and wind shear penetrated the inner core of convection. Wilma weakened as it quickly crossed the state, and entered the Atlantic Ocean near Jupiter, Florida. During the second week of October, an unusually large, monsoon-like lower-level circulation and a broad area of disturbed weather developed over much of the Caribbean Sea. [1][20] Initially, the hurricane was forecast to re-intensify into a Category 5 hurricane,[21] with one forecast predicting it to make landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula with winds of 165 mph (266 km/h),[22] though Wilma remained a strong Category 4 hurricane as it tracked northwestward. It gradually became better organized, with the large 50 miles (80 km) eye becoming very distinct on satellite and radar imagery. [9], By early on October 17, the outer rainbands, which had previously dominated the structure of the cyclone, dissipated, while deep convection developed near and to the south of the center. Vertical wind shear increased as strong upper-level southwesterly flow increased, though in spite of the shear Wilma continued to intensify. [1] In the span of just 24 hours, Wilma had intensified from a 70 mph (110 km/h) tropical storm to a 175 mph (282 km/h) Category 5 hurricane, an unprecedented event for an Atlantic hurricane. [12] Late on October 17, a Hurricane Hunters flight into Wilma recorded winds of 50 mph (80 km/h), but an unusually low pressure of 989 mbar (29.21 inHg), which would be more typical of a minimal hurricane. Initially, development was slow due to its large size, though convection steadily organized. On the 21st, the hurricane made landfall over Cozumel, and by early the 22nd it made landfall over the northeast Yucatan peninsula; both landfalls were at category 4 intensity. The legend shows the different categories of hurricanes as follows: Cat 5 (dark red), Cat 4 (red), Cat 3 (orange), Cat 2 (yellow), Cat 1 (green), tropical storm (teal), tropical depression (blue), and lower category (purple). [1], The depression tracked slowly westward, a motion due to weak steering currents caused by a high pressure area to its north across the Gulf of Mexico. Wilma slowly weakened as it drifted over the northeast Yucatan. The central pressure rapidly dropped 54 mbar (1.65 inHg) from 0000 to 0600 UTC, and at 0800 UTC, a Hurricane Hunters flight recorded a minimum central pressure of 884 mbar (26.10 inHg) in a dropsonde near the center of the extremely small eye. Central America, Mexico, Texas. Shortly after exiting the Florida coastline, Wilma began to re-intensify,[1] believed to be due to a reduction of friction of the eyewall and warm waters of the Gulf Stream. At the time, Wilma was the strongest Atlantic hurricane in history, with winds near 175 miles per hour. 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